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Unformatted text preview: rky, as the classical view suggests they should, that they join with others only as a means to individual goals, and that they treat power simply as a means to such goals. This view of politics also has an implication that parallels the New Property premise of the normative priority of the status quo. The logic of collective action seems to presuppose a relatively established structure of material entitlement, and the iron law of oligarchy seems to presuppose a relatively settled distribution of organizational power. This presupposition arises in the logic of collective action because the interests best secured to the individual are those defined by the normative status quo. The more prospective change contemplates a revision of the status quo, the more uncertain the ultimate distribution gain becomes, and the less sure the individual can be that she will not have to share the fruits of her effort. The presupposition appears in the iron law of oligarchy because the leader's ability to treat the apparatus of collective coercion as a means to individual gain requires that the leader have a fairly secure and well-defined range of discretion. Where the established distribution of organizational power is unsettled, either because of differences within the organization or because of the need to remobilize the organization against new external challenges, leaders will find themselves compelled to appeal credibly to interests that they share with others in order to secure the support they need. Thus, the themes of individual independence and the normative priority of the status quo are bound quite closely in the dominant political interpretation of the welfare rights movement. SLHS Value File Individualism
Individual freedom is best: compelling a common good will always be arbitrary
Linda C. Raeder, doctoral candidate political theory at Catholic University of America, THE INDEPENDENT REVIEW, Spring 1998, p. 519-35 To compel persons to serve some hierarchical scale of concrete ends in the name of the "common good" can mean only that "common ends are imposed upon all that cannot be . . ....
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.
- Fall '13