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Unformatted text preview: tion beyond contractual duties, collectively celebrated and individually internalized as teamwork and team spirit, and they resolve any inside disagreements by accommodation and the acceptance of authoritative conciliation. Externally, however, they compete as ruthlessly as possible, unconstrained even by the prospect of inflicting grave bodily harm. Likewise two competing business firms: either would happily drive the other out of business. And likewise two competing armed forces. It is hard to think of examples of organizations whose internal norms governing conflict resolution are followed in their relationships with competing organizationsunless, of course, they are federated with them in some larger organization governed by those norms. And it is hard to believe that democratic polities differ from other organizations in this respect, especially since the one distinguishing behavior that they encourage is not peaceful intercourse but competition for power. DEMOCRATIC TRANSITIONS LEAD TO CIVIL WARS Errol Henderson, Assistant Professor, Dept. of Political Science at the University of Florida, 2002, DEMOCRACY AND WAR THE END OF AN ILLUSION?, P. 147-148 Are Democracies in the Postcolonial World Less Likely to Experience Civil Wars? The results fail to support the democratic peace for civil wars in post-colonial states since democracy is not significantly associated with a decreased probability of intrastate war in postcolonial states. Instead, the results corroborate previous findings that semidemocracy is associated with an increased likelihood of civil war. Therefore, although coherent democracy does not appear to reduce the likelihood of postcolonial civil wars, partial democracy exacerbates the tensions that result in civil war . Given the findings from Chapter 6, these results suggest that democratic enlargement as a strategy for peace is not likely to succeed for those states that need it most--the postcolonial, or third world, states. Further, even if full-fledged democracy were to engender peace within these states--which is no...
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.
- Fall '13