Values File

Even those who argue that political obligations are

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Unformatted text preview: and raised here. The metaphors suggest a convenient way of defusing unwanted obligations not of our own choosing and defending the most unreasonable expectations as "rights." They provide a flattering way of fooling ourselves into thinking that we are above nature and smarter than our emotions, rational creatures who have taken our existence--and especially our social existence-- into our own hands. SLHS Value File OUR EMOTIONS ARE KEY TO A PROPER THEORY OF JUSTICE Robert Solomon, Professor of Philosophy, University of Texas, A PASSION FOR JUSTICE, 1990, p.33. Theories of justice can serve as articulate and systematic expressions of our emotions, but they can also serve as rationalizations, as obfuscations, as obstacles to our emotions. That is why it is important to look at our emotions and that too easily dismissed gut level sense of justice and cast a suspicious eye not just on this or that theory of justice but on the very idea of a theory of justice. The emotions are not just evidence or "intuitions" that will (or won't) support one or another theory of justice; they are the very substance of our sense of justice. SOCIAL CONTRACT THEORY IS BASED ON HATRED AND RESENTMENT Robert Solomon, Professor of Philosophy, University of Texas, A PASSION FOR JUSTICE, 1990, p.61. I think we should be extremely suspicious of all of those social thinkers who suggest that a theory of justice is an attempt to establish justice by creating society anew. Beginning with Plato's Republic, philosophers have developed theories of justice that try to replace their own society with another, better one, and the social contract is but the latest intellectual device for doing this. But the attempt to replace one's society suggests that the motivation behind these various theories of justice, however couched in the language of rationality, consists largely of such emotions as contempt and resentment. Could it even be that some of the quest is simple self-hatred, as in Jean-Jacques Rousseau's attempt to design a society that would no longer have room for people like himself? CONTRACTS ARE HYPOTHETHETICAL, WE OUGHT TO PREFER UTILITARIANISM/ JUSTICE Vicente Medina, Profes...
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