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In 1991 these nations signed a pair of agreements by

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Unformatted text preview: g to take responsibility for security and humanitarian relief in their own neighborhoods. When military officers depose a functioning democracy, they should be told clearly. unanimously, and forcefully by the international community that their regime will be isolated from any support and that they must leave power and restore the constitutional system. DEMOCRACY PREVENTS PROLIFERATION Peter Beckman, Hobart and William Smith Colleges, et al, THE NUCLEAR PREDICAMENT: NUCLEAR WEAPONS IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY, 3RD EDITION, 2000, p. 206-207 But there have been some cases where the move toward proliferation has been arrested.7 The case of South Africa was mentioned earlier. Two other cases are Brazil and Argentina. In 1991, these nations signed a pair of agreements by which each sought to assure the other, and the rest of the world, that it was not developing nuclear weapons. One of these agreements was with the International Atomic Energy Agency, which allowed international inspections of the nuclear facilities of the two nations. In 1991, both nations had recently adopted democratic, civilian governance after a period of repressive military rule and mutual military rivalry, a period in which there was fear that each side was trying to outrace the other to be the first to have the bomb. This suggests that the process of democratization may be effective in reducing the likelihood of proliferation, although this may be countered by the observation that three of the five principle nuclear powers were democracies (as were India and Israel) when they developed their weapons. GLOBAL DEMOCRACY WILL HELP THE U.S. ACEIVE FOREIGN POLICY GOALS Ben Hunt, NQ, Democratization, International Relations,and U.S. Foreign Policy Cold War issues dominated these concerns of safety and security for 45 years, and with good reason. With the end of the Cold War, however, two questions arise: How can the United States avoid a second hegemonic military struggle with another great power? And how can the United States best achieve other national goa...
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.

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