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Unformatted text preview: auses many positive outcomes for Washington and the world. The first has been a more peaceful world. During the Cold War, U.S. leadership reduced friction among many states that were historical antagonists, most notably France and West Germany. Today, . Retrenchment proponents seem to think that the current system can be maintained without the current amount of U.S. power behind nited American primacy helps keep a number of complicated relationships aligned--between Greece and Turkey, Israel and Egypt, South Korea and Japan, India and Pakistan, Indonesia and Australia. a Pax Americana does reduce war's likelihood, particularly war's worst form: great power wars. Second, American power gives the U S the ability to spread democracy once states are governed democratically, the likelihood of any type of conflict is significantly reduced. it is because they are more open, more transparent and more likely to want to resolve things amicably
This is not to say it fulfills Woodrow Wilson's vision of ending all war. Wars still occur where Washington's interests are not seriously threatened, such as in Darfur, but nited tates and other elements of its ideology of liberalism. Doing so is a source of much good for the countries concerned as well as the United States because, as John Owen noted on these pages in the Spring 2006 issue, liberal democracies are more likely to align with the United States and be sympathetic to the American worldview.3 So, spreading democracy helps maintain U.S. primacy. In addition, This is not because democracies do not have clashing interests. Indeed they do. Rather, in concurrence with U.S. leadership. And so, in general, democratic states are good for their citizens as well as for advancing the interests of the United States. Critics have faulted the Bush Administration for attempting to spread democracy in the Middle East, labeling such an effort a modern form of tilting at windmills. It is the obligation of Bush's critics to explain why democracy is good enough for Western states but...
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- Fall '13