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Unformatted text preview: s century. It has shown itself to be a dangerous master of decisions when the stakes are life and death. SLHS Value File WESTERN PROMOTION OF DEMOCRACY LEADS TO WAR AND CONFLICT Samuel P. Huntington, professor of government and director of the Olin Institute for Strategic Studies at Harvard, THE NEW YORK TIMES, June 6, 1993, p. 19. Fourth, the growth of civilization consciousness is enhanced by the fact that at the moment that the West is at the peak of its power a return-to-the-roots phenomenon is occurring among non-Western civilizations -- the "Asianization" in Japan, the end of the Nehru legacy and the "Hinduization" of India, the failure of Western ideas of som and nationalism and, hence, the "re-Islamization" of the Middle East, and now a debate over Westernization versus Russianization in Boris Yeltsin's country. More importantly, the efforts of the West to promote its values of democracy and liberalism as universal values, to maintain its military predominance and to advance its economic interests engender countering responses from other civilizations. The central axis of world politics is likely to be the conflict between "the West and the rest" and the responses of non-Western civilizations to Western power and values. The most prominent example of anti-Western cooperation is the connection between Confucian and Islamic states that are challenging Western values and power. AN IDEALIZED MODEL OF DEMOCRACY IS VASTLY DIFFERENT THAN WHAT OCCURS WHEN DEMOCRATIC IDEALS ARE SPREAD William P. Alford, Henry L. Stimson Professor and Director, East Asian Legal Studies, Harvard Law School, "Book Review: Exporting "The Pursuit of Happiness" Aiding Democracy Abroad: The Learning Curve. By Thomas Carothers." Whatever the differences between this idealized model and American democracy, Carothers argues that they pale in comparison to those between the methodical process of democratization promoted by U.S. governmental aid programs and the history of our nation's democratization (p. 91). Although our democracy came into being through revolution and was "deepened and broadened" through subsequent traumatic events such as the Civil War, the Great Depression, and the struggle for racial justice, U.S. governmental programs embrace a...
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