Values File

Often the imbalance is deeply rooted in institutions

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Unformatted text preview: rily but the pervasiveness, intensity and relentlessness of their suffering constantly push oppressed groups toward a realization that something is wrong with the prevailing social order. Their pain provides them with a motivation for finding out what is wrong, for criticizing accepted interpretations of reality and for developing new and less distorted ways of understanding the world. These new systems of conceptualization will reflect the interests and values of the oppressed groups and so constitute a representation of reality from an alternative to the dominant standpoint. THE VIEW OF THE OPPRESSED IS EPISTEMOLOGICALLY SUPERIOR Alison Jagger, Department of Philosophy, University of Colorado, FEMINIST POLITICS AND HUMAN NATURE, 1988, p. 370-1. The standpoint of the oppressed is not just different from that of the ruling class; it is also epistemologically advantageous. It provides the basis for a view of reality that is more impartial than that of the ruling class and also more comprehensive. It is more impartial because it comes closer to representing the interests of society as a whole; whereas the standpoint of the ruling class reflects the interests only of one section of the population, the standpoint of the oppressed represents the interests of the totality in that historical period. Moreover, whereas the condition of the oppressed groups is visible only dimly to the ruling class, the oppressed are able to see more clearly the ruled as well as the rulers and the relation between them. Thus, the standpoint of the oppressed includes and is able to explain the standpoint of the ruling class. SLHS Value File Poverty POVERTY IS THE MOST POWERFUL PREDICTOR OF HOSTS OF SOCIAL ILLS Connie Chang, articles editor, UCLA Law Review, October 1997, p. 212 The effects of poverty on children are particularly costly because they can disadvantage children throughout their adult lives: Poverty is the most powerful predictor of the harmful behavioral consequences we ascribe to welfare families. As Sara McLanahan and Gary Sandefur state, "Low income or income los...
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