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Unformatted text preview: satisfied. Modernization has brought the human rights idea even to the illiterate villager. In all parts of the world, it is increasingly recognized. the village will need law, institutions, education, organizations, and human rights if it is to be part of modern society. UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTS ARE NOT CULTURALLY IMPERIALIST Hurst Hannum, Associate Professor of International Law, The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Tufts University, THE GEORGIA JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL AND COMPARATIVE LAW, Fall, 1995 / Winter, 1996, p. 287. Even if states are not under a legal obligation to take human rights into account in the formulation of their foreign policies, the norms proclaimed in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are increasingly utilized by governments in formulating foreign policy--including decisions regarding development assistance. Defining the relevant "human rights" by reference to the most universal statement of human rights, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, is preferable and less open to charges of "cultural imperialism" than would be the case if human rights were defined according to purely national norms or the more detailed provisions of treaties to which all states do not yet adhere. EITHER SOVEREINGTY IS LEGITIMATE AND SHOULD BE VIOLATED IN THE NAME OF HUMAN RIGHTS, OR SOVEREIGNTY IS ILLEGITIMATE AND INTERVENTION IS JUSTIFIED Jarat Chopra and Thomas G. Weiss, District Administration for the United Nations Transitional Administration in East Timor and Presidential Professor at The Graduate Center of The City University of New York, 2002. Humanitarianism and War Project, p. 29. Proponents of humanitarian intervention can, and usually do, rely on one of two arguments, both of which lead to the same conclusion. To maintain the traditional concept of sovereignty is to accept its obsolescence and recognize that the emperor has no clothes. If sovereignty is dead, humanitarian intervention does not violate a sacred principle. On the other hand, if humanitarian intervention is permitted as part of an expanded definition of sovereignty and solidarity, t...
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