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Unformatted text preview: ly powerful, which tempts it to define its security interests extravagantly. Second, the Wilsonian ideology that underpins U.S. foreign policy has inculcated a belief that the United States has an obligation "to provide world leadership for global order, collective security, democracy, and capitalism."67 Coupled with the need to prevent turmoil from spilling over from the peripheries into the core, the need to maintain American credibility leads inexorably to the expansion of U.S. security commitments. Although some proponents of U.S. hegemony, notably Robert J. Art, argue that hegemony only requires selective, limited U.S. commitments in areas of core strategic concern, this evidently is not true. The United States continually is forced to expand the geographical scope of its strategic commitments. Core and periphery are--or, more correctly, are perceived to be--interdependent strategically. However, while the core is constant, the "turbulent frontier" in the periphery is always expanding.68 U.S. policymakers fear what might happen--falling dominoes and closure--if the United States does not intervene and broaden its defensive perimeters. Thus, the United States finds itself extending its security frontier ever farther into the periphery. There is, however, no obvious stopping point to this process, which tends to become self-perpetuating, because "expansion tends to feed on itself in order to protect what is acquired. "69 Each new defensive perimeter is menaced by turmoil on the other side of the line, which requires yet another outward push of the security frontier.79 America's security frontiers are, in reality, frontiers of insecurity.71 Two examples of this
dynamic are the origins of U.S. involvement in Indochina and the interventions in the Balkans. Heg guarantees perpetual violence Eland 04 - Director of defense policy studies at the Cato Institute (Ivan, The Empire Has No Clothes: U.S. Foreign Policy
Exposed, pg. 51-52)
The myth that democratic nations avoid war with each other has already been debunked. But even if the theory of "democratic peace" were true, the many U.S.-led wars needed to oust the plethora of dictators and tyrants l...
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- Fall '13