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Unformatted text preview: TO HELP THOSE STRICKEN BY DISCRIMINATION Amy Gutmann, Laurence Rockefeller University Professor of Politics and Dean of the faculty at Princeton University, 1996, p. 174
I have suggested a principled way of recognizing the special obligations of black and white Americans without attributing the source of obligations ultimately to our group identity, and without losing sight of the general obligations of all individuals. The general principle is to help others who are disadvantaged, regardless of group identity. The special obligation of those who have benefited from racial injustice is to help undo the wrongs that perpetuate racial injustice. The special obligation of members of oppressed minorities is to do their fair share so they are not freeriders on the efforts of others who are at least as oppressed. Each of these obligations admits the moral freedom of every individual to interpret what justice demands in our nonideal world, and to act on that interpretation. We should give to others according to our capacity, and we should not be free-riders on the moral efforts of others. In this society, our identities as well as our obligations cannot help but be color conscious, but their source is the principle of fairness, which is color blind." WHITES HAVE SPECIAL OBLIGATIONS TO HELP BLACKS: WE ARE THE UNFAIR RECIPIENTS OF SOCIETAL ADVANTAGE Amy Gutmann, Laurence Rockefeller University Professor of Politics and Dean of the faculty at Princeton University, 1996, p. 172
There is another special obligation, which, like the special obligation of blacks, is color conscious even though it flows from the color blind ideal of fairness. White Americans (along with most other nonblack Americans) have a special obligation to fight racial injustice so as to decrease the likelihood that we will be the beneficiaries of unfair advantages that stem, for example, from the racial stereotyping of social offices and other forms of institutionalized injustices that unfairly disadvantage blacks. In addi...
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.
- Fall '13