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Unformatted text preview: osophy; what is more, (neo)pragmatists (following James and Dewey, in particular) have often been he first to refuse to accept any given, readymade, immutable and transcendental principles. Everything is historically conditioned, and thus nothing is neutrally given, we are told, and for good reason. In order to be both a pragmatist and a Kantian, the crucial point that the present-day pragmatist-Kantian should make is that the transcendental conditions for there being a world as the object of our experience and representation can and should be understood as dynamical, i.e., as socially and historical relative and mutable--as themselves already "conditioned" in many ways. KANTIAN DEONOTOLOGY CANNOT OVERCOME CULTURAL RELATIVISM Alexander L. Nill, American Graduate School of International Management, and Clifford J. Shultz, School of Management at Arizona State University, JOURNAL OF MACROMARKETING, Fall, 1997, p. 10. The categorical imperative, "handle nur nach deijenigen Maxime, dutch die du zugleich wollen kannst, daB sie ein allgemeines Gesetz werde" (Act according to that maxim only, which you can wish, at the same time to become a universal law ) is the highest law of practical reason. The categorical imperative is found within the constraints of our own reason. Therefore, like mathematics, it can be a universal law that is true for all times and independent of space. The law of practical reason cannot give operational recommendations on how to behave morally. If we leave the abstract level of the axioms made by our own reason, we lose the universality and objectivity of this law. Moral standards are only acceptable if they are logically consistent with the universal law, the categorical imperative, but the question of logical consistency will be answered differently by different cultures. Different cultures will draw different moral standards from the law of practical reason. Therefore, the attempt to apply Kant's system, which is transcendental and universal, cannot overcome the problems imposed by cultural relativism. KANT PROVIDES NO GROUNDS FOR RESOLVING COMPETING CLAIMS Janet McCracken, Assistan...
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.
- Fall '13