Unformatted text preview: Professor of International Relations at the Universidad Complutense of Madrid, and analyst at the Peace Research Center, 2005. Trade, Aid, and Development in Times of War:, p. 6. Nevertheless, the irresponsible instrumentalization of humanitarian aid has certain costs that must not be neglected, as it weakens its legitimacy and capacity to offer effective assistance and protection to victims. The recent attacks and murders of employees of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Afghanistan and Iraq are proof that humanitarian organizations are no longer perceived as being "impartial" in the eyes of armed groups. The consequences of such attacks tend to be the evacuation of humanitarian organizations, the termination of their operations, and of any assistance to the victims. SLHS Value File HUMANITARIAN AID PROLONGS AND FUELS CONFLICTS Amelia Branczik, Graduate Student at the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University, February 2004. "Humanitarian Aid and Development Assistance", Beyond Intractability, pp. 3-4. Humanitarian aid can prolong and fuel conflicts, undermining its ultimate goal of saving lives: For fighting parties, aid can become a resource to be fought over. Aid leakage, or 'political taxation' of aid, refers to situations in which a portion of the aid goes directly to the fighting parties, who then use it themselves or sell it to buy weapons. Aid is fungible; because populations and troops are being fed by aid, fighting parties no longer have to worry about providing for this need themselves and are thus able to put more resources into fighting. Aid that helps only one side in a conflict can fuel tensions and competition between the sides. Simply ensuring equal distribution to different ethnic groups can reinforce divisions and 'labels' and make the groups less dependent on each other. Aid can create private incentives for continuation of the war, for example by paying relatively high wages to local people employed by aid agencies. Imported food aid can undermine the local e...
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