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Unformatted text preview: hypothetical consent to the state as men during elections, the arguments and oppositions utilized by early liberal thinkers (in particular the public/private divide) continue both to exclude many women from active citizenship and discursively to construct them as bearers of feminine personalities and female bodies inimical to civic virtue. SLHS Value File CONTRACTARIANISM HISTORICALLY AND CURRENTLY DENIES EQUAL STATUS TO WOMEN David Boucher and Paul Kelly, Professors of Politics, University of Wales, THE SOCIAL CONTRACT FROM HOBBES TO RAWLS, 1994, p.17. Thus Filmer's patriarchalism is considered because, first, it forms part of the context out of which modern civil contractarianism emerged in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, second, it forms the immediate target of Locke's theory in the Two Treatises, and third, it has a renewed resonance in contemporary feminist critiques of contractarianism such as Carole Pateman's, which argue that civil contractarian arguments while dispensing with patriarchalism have merely replaced it with what she calls fraternal patriarchy, which continues to deny full equality and status to women. CONTRACTUALISM IS BASED ON A UNIQUELY MALE PSYCHOLOGY David Boucher and Paul Kelly, Professors of Politics, University of Wales, THE SOCIAL CONTRACT FROM HOBBES TO RAWLS, 1994, p.28. A development of some of these strands of criticism is to be found in the 'different voice' feminism of Nancy Chodorow and Carol Gilligan. These theorists challenge the idea of a universal moral psychology concerned with justice, rights and principles, offering instead an account of these categories as male and contrasting them with female 'ethic of care' based on the categories of empathy, proximity and relatedness. The male emphasis on rights, justice and principles is premised upon the separated and oppositional nature of males, which is reflected in the state of nature narratives of classic contract theory. This oppositional character of male moral theorizing has its origin in the developmental psych...
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.
- Fall '13