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Unformatted text preview: ICE AS SLAVERY Karl Popper, Professor of Philosophy, THE OPEN SOCIETY AND ITS ENEMIES, 2nd edition, 1952, p. 90. From this argument, which is closely related to the principle that the carrying of arms should be a class prerogative, Plato draws his final conclusion that any changing or intermeddling between the three classes must be injustice, and that the opposite, therefore, is justice: 'When each class in the city minds its own business, the money-earning class as well as the auxiliaries and the guardians, then this will be justice.' This conclusion is reaffirmed and summed up a little later: 'The city is just ... if each of its three classes attends to its own work.' But this statement means that Plato identifies justice with the principle of class rule and class privilege. For the principle that every class should attend to its own business means, briefly and bluntly, that the state is just if the ruler rules, the worker works, and the slave slaves. 4. PLATO'S REPUBLIC CREATES JUSTICE FOR THE STATE, NOT FOR INDIVIDUALS Karl Popper, Professor of Philosophy, THE OPEN SOCIETY AND ITS ENEMIES, 2nd edition, 1952, p. 90. It will be seen that Plato's conception of justice is fundamentally different from our ordinary view as analyzed above. Plato calls class privilege 'just,' while we usually mean by justice rather the absence of such privilege. But the difference goes further than that. We mean by justice some kind of equality in the treatment of individuals, while Plato considers justice not as a relationship between individuals, but as property of the whole state based upon a relationship between its classes. The state is just if it is healthy, strong, united--stable. SLHS Value File Revolution
REVOLUTION AGAINST GOVERNMENT TO PRESERVE THE SOCIAL CONTRACT IS JUST David C. Williams, Professor of Law, Indiana University School of Law at Bloomington, HARVARD CIVIL RIGHTSCIVIL LIBERTIES LAW REVIEW, Summer 1997, p. 428. Implicit in the concept of a conservative revolution is the idea that the government does not always represent the Constitution. Indeed...
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.
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