Values File

There lies the source of much potential mischief in

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Unformatted text preview: y. Set it high enough to avoid major exceptions and you find few, if any, democracies until the Cold War era. Then there were no wars between them, of course. But that fact is better explained by NATO and bipolarity than by any shared form of government. Worse, the peace among the high-bar democracies of that era was part of a larger pacific pattern: peace among all nations of the First and Second Worlds. As for theoretical arguments, those we have seen rest on implausible premises. Why, then, is the belief that democracies are mutually pacific so widespread and fervent? The explanation rests on an old American tendency to slip and slide unawares between two uses of the word "democracy": as an objective description of regimes, and as a term of praise a label to distinguish friend from foe. Because a democracy (term of praise) can do no wrongor so the thinking seems to runat least one side in any war cannot be a democracy (regime description). There lies the source of much potential mischief in foreign policy. SLHS Value File DEMOCRACIES DON'T PROTECT NORMS Thomas Schwartz, Professor of Political Science at UCLA, and Kiron Skinner, Fellow at the Council on Foreign Relations and the Hoover Institution and Assistant Professor of History and Political Science at Carnegie Mellon University, "THE MYTH OF THE DEMOCRATIC PEACE," Orbis, v46 issue 1, Winter, 2002 Dixon and Russett favor the Norm Protection Theory, which holds that states project their domestic norms of government into the international arena: because the overriding democratic norm is that of peaceful conflict resolution, democrats follow it in conflicts with foreign democrats. It is true that high-bar democracies are internally peaceful, but all durable states are. It is implausible that their citizens are peculiarly motivated by a norm of domestic peaceas though they, and they alone, have no need of laws backed by force to check violence. Quite preposterous is the premise that their decision makers project norms outward. Internally, either of two competing hockey teams is bound by a norm of coopera...
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.

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