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Unformatted text preview: e plaintiff's misfortune to be justified - by proving that factors other than the selected criteria of merit are responsible for the disproportionate distribution, or that the distribution is proportionally equal according to some criteria of merit that are important in light of their adverse impact on plaintiff. Accordingly, the central features of distributive justice are actionable misfortune, causation, and proportional distribution according to fixed and important criteria. Have to help people who have been oppressed, just freeing them is not enough University of Pennsylvania January, 1999 You do not take a person who, for years, has been hobbled by chains and liberate him, bring him up to the starting line of a race and then say, "you are free to compete with all the others," and still justly believe that you have been completely fair. PREEMINENT CONCERN FOR THE POOR IS ESSENTIAL TO ETHICS Gerald M. Mara, Associate Dean for Research in the Graduate School of Political Science at Georgetown University, THE DEEPER MEANING OF ECONOMIC LIFE, 1986, p. 174-175. Within a challenging view of human perfection along the order of that articulated by Aristotle, a concern for the poor might well be, in this day and age, an essential component. Such an attachment to human excellence can perhaps explain and deepen Ronald Dworkin's conviction that the citizens o a truly just society should categorically reject any urge to purchase a materially stable future by ignoring the current needs of the poor as an insult to human integrity. 4. ECONOMIC JUSTICE IS BASED ON FAIRNESS, FREEDOM AND EQUALITY Peter D. McLelland, Cornell University, THE AMERICAN SEARCH FOR ECONOMIC JUSTICE, 1990 p. 295. At the core of American beliefs about the justice of their economic system is the premise that the race is reasonably fair, with fairness viewed as largely a matter of assuring the freedom and equality of the participants both at the starting line and on the course. The meaning of both terms (freedom and equality) can change as our understanding of human nature changes, and with these alterations can come new priorities and policies in the name of either freedom or equality. Admittedly many improvements in the fairness of the race--both those accomplished in the past and those yet to be addressed at present-require no overhaul of intellectual framework but simply facing up to the practical implications of old priorities. The reining in of the unfair use of undue pow...
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.
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