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Unformatted text preview: an, Robert P. Rubinfeld, Daniel L. "Rethinking Federalism" The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 11, No. 4 (Autumn, 1997), pp. 43-64. The U.S. Constitution is a broadly representative but centralized federal constitution. In response to Madison's concerns that the new democracy be representative of all the people, the Constitution requires representation of the populace in the House of Representatives and equal voices for all the states in the Senate. To avoid the collective action problems inherent in the Articles of Confederation, the Constitution through the Tenth Amendment assigns all policy powers to the majority-rule central government. Ultimately, this representative central government will decide which tier of government will set America's economic policies. DEMOCRACY GOOD Lane Davis, prof. University of UTR, Western Political Quarterly, March 1964. The heart of the matter is the value which is attached to individual participation in making decisions about public affairs. To speak precisely, it is not the substantive choices which are crucial for this justification of democracy though they are important but the human results which accrue to those who take part in this method of managing public affairs. In shorthand fashion, one may speak of the method of political democracy as valuable in itself regardless of results which it produces. Democracy balances competing interests, like between individual rights and public goods Robert Kuttner, Rescuing democracy from speech 1998 There are similar democratic tensions between personal freedom and public order and between individual rights and public purposes. Whenever private income is taxed to buy collective goods, or private property is taken for public uses, the common good makes a claim on the individual sphere. Whenever police power is used to assure order, individual rights are at risk. Both the Congress and the courts endeavor to balance these objectives, each a kind of first principle but none a summum bonum. So democracy is an imperfect and ever-...
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