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Unformatted text preview: ieve in the ultimate morality of the universe, and believe that all reality hinges on moral foundations. Token resistance is necessary: it breaks the cycle Martin Niemoeller, Pastor, ??? First the Nazis came for the Communists; and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Communist. Then they came for the Jews; and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. When they came for the trade unionists I didn't speak up, because I wasn't a trade unionist. And when they came for the Catholics I didn't speak up because I was a Protestant. Then they came for me... and by that time there was no one left to speak for anyone. SLHS Value File Citizens of a state are morally culpable for the state's most immoral actions Frantz Fanon, 1952, postcolonial psychologist, Black Skin, White Masks, p.91-2 For what is the meaning of this sentence: "European civilization and its best representatives are not responsible for colonial ram"? What does it mean except that colonialism is the business of adventurers and politicians, the "best representatives" remaining well above the battle? But, Francis Jeanson says, every citizen of a nation is responsible for the actions committed in the name of that nation: "Day after day, that system elaborates its evil projects in your presence, day after day its leaders betray you, pursuing, in the name of France, a policy as foreign as possible not only to your real interests but also to your deepest needs . . . . You pride yourselves on keeping your distance from realities of a certain kind: so you allow a free hand to those who are immune to the most unhealthy climates because they create these climates themselves through their own conduct. And if, apparently, you succeed in keeping yourselves unsullied, it is because others dirty themselves in your place. You hire thugs, and, balancing the accounts, it is you who are the real criminals: for without you, without your blind indifference, such men could never carry out deeds that damn you as much as they shame those men." JUSTICE REQUIRES A DUTY TO ACTIVELY FIGHT AGAINST INJUSTICE Joy Gordon, Department of Philosophy, Fairfield University, BROOKLYN JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL LAW, Vol. 23, 1998, p. 703. One scholar, Jeremy Waldron, notes that civil and political rights entail positive duties to act, as well as duties of omission. Waldron further points out that these duties stem from economic rights as well: "The right not to be tortured generates a duty not t...
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.
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