Values File

Inequalities as defined by the institutional

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Unformatted text preview: er, the attack on discriminatory practices in the marketplace--these can be undertaken and have been undertaken because of a recognized inconsistency between certain economic behavior and longstanding notions of freedom and equality ad those notions pertain to desirable conditions for fairness in an economic race. SLHS Value File Justice (entitlement) Nozicks principle of rectification Jeremy Waldron, Affiliated Professor of Law at Columbia university, Superseding Historic Injustice, October 1992 Though the injustice had not happened, for all that its occurrence in the past is immutable and undeniable? This is the approach taken by Robert Nozick in his account of the role played by a principle of rectification in a theory of historic entitlement: This principle uses historical information about previous situations and injustices done in them (as defined by the first two principles of justice [namely, justice in acquisition and justice in transfer] and rights against interference), and information about the actual course of events that flowed from these injustices, until the present, and it yields a description (or descriptions) of holdings in the society. The principle of rectification presumably will make use of its best estimate of subjunctive information about what would have occurred (or a probability distribution over what might have occurred, using the expected value) if the injustice had not taken SLHS Value File Justice (Rawls) JUST PRINCIPLES ARISE FROM THE "ORIGINAL POSITION" John Rawls, The Justification of Civil Disobedience, COLLECTED PAPERS BY JOHN RAWLS, 1969, pg 177 The interpretation I suggest is the following: that the principles to which social arrangements must conform, and in particular the principles of justice, are those which free and rational men would agree to in an original position of equal liberty; and similarly, the principles which govern men's relations to institutions and define their natural duties and obligations are the...
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