Values File

N19 for him all states were equal with the same

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Unformatted text preview: e norms. SLHS Value File CONTRACTUALISM RETARDS WOMEN'S ADVANCEMENT David Boucher and Paul Kelly, Professors of Politics, University of Wales, THE SOCIAL CONTRACT FROM HOBBES TO RAWLS, 1994, p.28. Difference feminists such as Iris Marion Young and Seyla Benhabib have argued that in order to achieve genuine emancipation from the male dominant power structures of modern society, what is needed is not merely gender neutral policies of redistribution, but a rethinking of the goals of political theory addressed to the problems of institutional domination. This approach has taken many feminist theorists into the field of democratic theory and away from the terms of liberal political theory with its emphasis on contract and impartial agreement between equal subjects. Equal rights are of little value in a world where the exercise of those rights is itself frustrated by the structures of gender domination in modern society CONVERSATION SHOULD REPLACE CONTRACT AS THE MODEL FOR GOVERNMENT Diana Coole, Lecturer in politics, University of London, THE SOCIAL CONTRACT FROM HOBBES TO RAWLS, David Boucher and Paul Kelly, eds., 1994, p.206-7. Overall, contemporary democratic theorists, communitarians and feminists seem to be in broad agreement in challenging the liberal model of contract, which institutes impersonal rules and authorities to which obedience is then due, on the one hand, and presents a model of self-interested exchanges and rational choices as the paradigm for public relationships on the other. In the democratic, discursive ethics which is their alternative, conversation rather than contract (voices rather than choices) is the model, intersubjectively enjoined by individuals or groups in their particularity. Although consent remains essential, the goal is no longer consensus but ongoing negotiation within a broadened public space; a dialogue among actual, encumbered, situated selves. This may only mean empowering women's voices to participate, among others, in negotiating the form of public values and style of institutions; in enjoinin...
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.

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