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Unformatted text preview: th rate for the region between 1980 and 1989 was minus 2.2 percent. SECURING RIGHTS AND LAW IN AFRICA WILL RAISE THE STANDARD OF LIVING Claude Ake, director of the Center for Advanced Social Science at the University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria, Rethinking African Democracy, THE GLOBAL RESURGENCE OF AFRICAN DEMOCRACY, 1996, pg. 66 A conference of over 500 groups representing nongovernmental organizations, grassroots organizations, United Nations agencies, and governments, which convened in February 1990 in Arusha, Tanzania under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, adopted an "African Charter for Popular Participation in Development and Transformation." Its major point is that the absence of democracy is the primary cause of the chronic crisis in Africa. A speech by U.N. secretary general Javier Perez de Cuellar at the Arusha meeting identified an inescapable link between economic recovery in Africa and popular participation. In addition, a declaration entitled "The Political and Socio-Economic Situation in Africa and the Fundamental Changes Taking Place in the World," adopted by the Organization of African Unity in Addis Ababa, 9-11 July 1990, acknowledges that a political environment guaranteeing human rights and the rule of law would be more conducive to governmental accountability and probity and that "popular-based political processes would ensure the involvement of all in development efforts."
... POLITICAL DEMOCRACY IS A VALUE THAT SHOULD BE UPHELD Lane Davis, prof. University of UTR, 1964. Western Political Quarterly, March 1964. The heart of the matter is the value which is attached to individual participation in making decisions about public affairs. To speak precisely, it is not the substantive choices which are crucial for this justification of democracy though they are important but the human results which accrue to those who take part in this method of managing public affairs. In shorthand fashion, one may spe...
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