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Unformatted text preview: sence, of conscience. My freedom does not have the last word; I am not alone. JUSTICE REQUIRES LIMITING MY FREEDOM FOR THE SAKE OF OTHERS Emmanuel Levinas, French-Lithuanian ethical philosopher, TOTALITY AND INFINITY, 1988, p. 83. Freedom is called into question only inasmuch as it somehow finds itself imposed upon itself: If I could have freely chosen my own existence everything would be justified. The failure of my spontaneity still bereft of reason awakens reason and theory; there would have been a suffering that would be the mother of wisdom. From failure alone would come the necessity of curbing violence and introducing order into human relations. Political theory derives justice from the undiscussed value of spontaneity; its problem is to ensure, by way of knowledge of the world, the most complete exercise of spontaneity by reconciling my freedom with the freedom of the others. THERE MUST BE LIMITS ON FREEDOM SO ALL CAN HAVE FREEDOMS. Mortimer J. Adler, philosophy faculty at the University of Chicago, The Common Sense of Politics, 1971 Liberty is freedom exercised under the restraints of justice so that its exercise results in injury to no one. In contrast license is freedom exempt from the restraints of justice and. therefore, injurious to others in infringing their freedom as well as violating other rights. When no distinction is made between liberty and license, the freedom of the strong can destroy the freedom of the weak. For the freedom of any one individual to be compatible with In equal measure of freedom on the part of all others, the freedom of each must be limited and limited precisely for the purpose of preventing the freedom of one from encroaching upon or destroying the freedom of others. Hence maximization of freedom for all, with an equal measure of freedom for each, is impossible without the restraints of justice. which confines the freedom of doing as one pleases to conduct that in no way injures anyone else. UNLIMITED FREEDOM CAN'T BE ACHIEVED FOR ALL BECAUSE ONE'S FREEDOM WILL ENCROUCH ON SOMEONE ELSE. Mortimer J. Adler, philosophy faculty at the University of Chicago, The Common Sense of Politics, 1971 Now, if the only liberty worthy of the name were the unlimited freedom of complete autonom...
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This document was uploaded on 11/20/2013.
- Fall '13