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Unit 2 Outline - Unit 2 Learning Three Assumptions...

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Unit 2 Learning Three Assumptions Classical Conditioning Basic Phenomena of CC - acquisition - extinction - spontaneous recovery - savings - stimulus generalization - stimulus discrimination Applications of CC Operant Conditioning Basic Components of OC - reinforcement - punishment - shaping - gradient of reinforcement - Premack principle Schedules of Reinforcement - continuous reinforcement schedule - intermittent reinforcement schedule o fixed-interval o fixed-ratio o variable-interval o variable-ratio Learning (con’t.) Negative Consequences for Using Punishment - failure to suggest a more effective alternative behavior - suppression of undesirable behavior - creating bad feelings - conditioning and generalization of negative feelings toward the punishing agent - promoting escape and avoidance - model for aggression Helpful Hints for Changing Behavior
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Tolman - latent learning - cognitive maps Observational Learning
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Memory Memory Processes - Encoding - Storage - Retrieval Stage Model of Memory (Atkinson & Shifrin) - Sensory Memory o
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