final_terms

final_terms - FINAL EXAM TERMS Final Exam: Thursday,...

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FINAL EXAM TERMS Final Exam: Thursday, December 13 th , 8-10am 1. Yang ban The male Confucian scholar ruling group in Korea Means two halves refers to the two types of officials who ruled Civil Yang ban - Males - Studied Neo-Confucianism - Took civil exams - Ranked much higher than military Yang ban Military Yang ban - Had to take a test to become military Yang ban - Studied the 7 military classes - Ruled for over 100 years (1170-1270) - Ch’oe family ruled for four generations Main rule was during Koryo period (918-1392) The society that they ruled was considered a slave society, 30% of population was slaves. 2. Mongols in Japan and Korea In 1231 the Mongols conquered Korea, and after nearly three decades of war, Korea signed a treaty in favor of the Yuan Dynasty and became a Mongolian dependency. The Mongolian Kublai Khan became Emperor of China in 1260 and established his capital at Beijing in 1264. Japan at the time was ruled by the Shikken (Shogunate Regents) of the Hōjō clan, who had intermarried with and wrested control from the Shogun of the Kamakura Shogunate after his death in 1203. In 1266, the Mongolians dispatched emissaries to Japan, with a letter commanding the Japanese to submit to Mongol rule, or face invasion. A second set of emissaries were sent in 1268, returning empty-handed like the first. Japan - Mongol Invasions lasted form 1274 to 1281 - Were major military operations by Kublai Khan - Korea already conquered - Ultimately failed, set a limit to Mongol expansion - Closest attempt to invade Japan within the last 1500 years - Was a time of nation-defining events for Japan - The word kamikaze or “divine wind” was widely used Korea - The Mongol invasions of Korea (1231 - 1273)
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- Consisted of a series of campaigns by the Mongol Empire against Korea - Known as Goryeo, from 1231 to 1259. - Six major campaigns at tremendous cost to civilian lives throughout the Korean peninsula - Result: in Korea becoming a tributary ally of the Mongol Yuan Dynasty for approximately 80 years 3. Yuan dynasty 1280-1365 Followed the Song Dynasty and preceded the Ming Dynasty Very large, present day China is smaller Not centralized, but it was central Post stations were run by locals Established by ethnic Mongols under the rule of Kublai Khan Had paper currency, Mongols couldn’t keep it controlled Chinese industries with strong foreign markets, such as porcelain, thrived When Kublai died there was much fighting over who would reign Renzong, a Mongol who spoke and read Chinese, reestablished civil service exam system Although the exams were reinstated there were limited opportunities for people to employ Mongols favored the Buddhists over the Confucians, even though they were accepting of all religions The literary art of drama was given a boost in Yuan times - Because of diminished career aspects for the educated many turned to writing - 160 still exist today
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HIST 82 taught by Professor Wert during the Spring '08 term at Marquette.

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final_terms - FINAL EXAM TERMS Final Exam: Thursday,...

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