DO PAPER - To Do The history and common usages of the...

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Unformatted text preview: To Do The history and common usages of the irregular verb To Do CTS 1 The verb do does not perform as other verbs in Standard American English (hereafter referred to as SAE). Do can perform in the position of a main verb, a modal auxiliary, or auxiliary verb. In the linguistics field, do is constantly complicating syntactic theory. But why does do act in a different way from most verbs in SAE? The root of the problems associated with do seems to stem from the origins of the Modern English language, and ultimately, from Proto-Indo-European. Do in Old English Modern English evolved from Middle and Old English. Many of the discrepancies today can most likely be blamed on the continuous changes in the English language, and the Great Vowel Shift, which would have forced some pronunciations of vowels to change, as we see with Old English don into Modern English do. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, do first appeared in the English language in Beowulf, as don , in an inflectional form of do, on the line: Swa sceal man don. So should one do. Don is replicated quite frequently in the text, which, according to the University of Nevada, is dated between the 8 th and 11 th century 1 . This text is important because it is the first masterwork and English epic written in native English, as opposed to being written in the traditional Latin 2 . It is also significant because Beowulfs chronological origin is unidentified. 1 Green, Araby. Resources for the Study of Beowulf. University of Nevada, Reno Libraries. <http://www.library.unr.edu/subjects/guides/beowulf.html>. (Accessed on 15 March 2008). 2 Ibid . CTS 2 If one decides to ignore Beowulfs claim to the first usage of do because of the sequential arguments related to the chronology of Beowulf, then according to the Oxford English Dictionary: The first use of do could have been in the 825 Vesp Psalter cxlii. Lr mec doan willan inne in the transitive sense of to perform duly, carry out, execute. (With obj. expressing command, duty, etc.), and in the intransitive sense in the 825 Vesp. Psalter xxxviii. Aswindan u didest..swle his. Ibid. ciii. 32 Se eloca in eor an & doe hie cwaecian with obj. and inf. (the obj. being logical subject of the inf.): To make or cause a person, etc., to do something. a. with simple inf. ; e.g. he did them come. to do him die : to cause or make him die, to put him to death. Obs. or arch. It is easy to see the root of the SAE do in Old English conjugations. In fact, the verb has not changed much, other than in spelling, which can be attributed to the Great Vowel Shift and the evolution of the English language. One most also note the Germanic tun is also closely related, and differs in the switch from t to d....
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DO PAPER - To Do The history and common usages of the...

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