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ACLC 2-27 - ACLC Julius Caesar 72BCE elected military...

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ACLC 2/27/08 Julius Caesar - 72BCE: elected military tribune (Pompey and Crassus were consuls for 70BCE) - 69BCE: spoke at funerals of both aunt Julia and wife Cornelia o Emphasized connections with Marius and the ancient nobility of his family descended from the first king on his mother’s side and from the gods on his father’s side. - 63BCE: spent heavily to get elected pontifex maximus (chief priest); - 61BCE: divorced Pompeia because of her involvement in a scandal with another man, although the man had been acquitted in the law courts; Caesar reported to way, “The wife of Caesar must be above suspicion,” suggested that he was so exceptional that anyone associated with him had to be free of any hint of scandal. In 61 he was sent to the province of Further Spain as proprietor - 60BCE: returned from Spain; joined with Pompey and Crassus in a loose coalition called “The First Triumvirate” and by his enemies at the time “the three-headed monster” - 62BCE: Pompey returned victorious from Asia, but was unable to get Senate to ratify arrangements granting land to his veteran soldiers because he had disbanded his army on his return and Crassus was blocking his efforts. Caesar persuaded the two men to work together and promised to support their interests if they helped him get elected to the consulship. - 59BCE: Caesar was elected consul against heavy opposition led by Cato, a shewd and extremely conservative politician. Caesar married his only daughter Julia to Pompey to consolidate their alliance. Caesar pushed Pompey’s measures through, helped Crassus’ proposals, and got for himself a five year term as proconsul of Gaul after his consulship was over. However, he used some strong arm methods in the Assembly and completely cowed his Optimate colleague in the consulship, Bibulus, so that jokers referred to the year as the “Consulship between Julius and Caesar” Caesar was safe from prosecution for such actions as long as he held
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