ACLC Review Layout - ACLC Review Greece Historical periods...

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ACLC 3/5/08 Review: Greece - Historical periods o Archaic o Classical - Mythological period (Hesiod) - Peisistratus o Peisistatidae “family of Peisistratus” Tyrant of Athens 546-28 Peisistratus establishes lasting Tyranny after three attempts. Sons inherit tyranny o Three Key Aspects Bureaucracy *Uniform taxation for city-state events *Pan Hellenism (among Athenians in Attica) Large scale construction projects for national events Strengthened polis and pan Hellenism Unified Attica (centered around Athens which was originally an ethnos) o P. Tyranny was cited by Herodotus, Thucydides and Aristotle. “For the most part the city continued to follow the established laws, except that the tyrants always ensured that there would be one of their own men among the magistrates” – Thucydides Magistrates = archonships After serving for a year, Archons would become members of the Areopagite Council for life – very valuable allies o P. Tyranny Patron of the Arts **Greater Dionysia (dithyrambs, tragedy(originated), comedy) Acropolis Embellishments Stone temple of Athena (showing off wealth and magnificence) Fostered cult of Athena, patron deity of Athens Nationalism *Panathenaea o Largest Athena based festival of Athens. o Deme dicast formed, judges that toured Attica to settle disputes o Export of Athenian vases, booming trade market o Athenian pottery became dominant.
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o Captured and established colonies across Aegean Sea for access to the Black Sea. o Claimed to be the oldest and only autochthonous Ionian Greeks: Important morale boost for Athenian nationalism and eventual claims to a quasi-manifest destiny. - Cleisthenes o Political rival with Isagoras o Sparta supported Isagoras and tried to install him by force. Athenians support Cleisthenes because of rebellion. o Legacy of Cleisthenes Rearranged tribes, establishing system of citizenship and civic duties Council of Five Hundred “Father of Democracy” Anachronistic title o Rearranged Tribes 10 tribes on location rather than 4 on genes Tribes had a tribal leader Each consisted of one third city, one third country, and one third coastal areas. Each tribe separated into a number of demes (districts). Has its own assembly Annual leader elected by citizens Children needed to be presented to demes by father to be regarded as a citizen. 10 generals (strategoi) elected from demes forming 1 general per deme.
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