Old_world2 - Old world II Portugal Spain Germany rest of Europe Portugal Spain Portugal History of Wine Production History Vines were already growing

Old_world2 - Old world II Portugal Spain Germany rest of...

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Old world II Portugal, Spain, Germany, rest of Europe
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Portugal & Spain
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Portugal
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History of Wine Production History of Wine Production Vines were already growing when the Phoenicians arrived around 1100 bc. Phoenicians started first commercial winemaking. Invading Carthaginians greatly expanded wine production. The Roman Empire began its fall in the second century ad and Germanic tribes invaded. In the 5 th century AD, viticulture continued under the Goths. Moors ruled peacefully for over 600 years. Christians and Jews were allowed to continue making and consuming wines. Portugal declared itself a Christian kingdom in 1136. Between 1300 and 1500, trade with rest of Europe increased.
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Wine Regions of Portugal Wine Regions of Portugal Vinho Verde Douro Porto Bairrada and Dão Setúbal Alentejo Madeira
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Port
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Port Port has been called the world’s greatest fortified wine Produced in the Duoro (world’s first dedicated wine zone- established in 1756). Are 83,000 individual vineyards in the Duoro (Kolpan et al, 2002) Porto made by transferring fermented wine with an alcohol content of 6-7% to casks (pipes) containing clear grape brandy (aguardence) that is 77% alcohol/154 proof. The ratio is 116 gallons of wine to 29 gallons of spirit. The final Porto product ranges between 18-20% alcohol. Portos from a single, unblended year first recognized in 1734 Although all port is sweet, and most of it red, there are many different styles. Styles vary according to Quality of wine How long wine is aged in wood before bottling (from 2-40 years) Whether wine is from single year or blended from wines of several years
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Types of Port White port Ruby port Vintage character port Tawny port Colheita port Late bottled vintage port (LBV) Vintage port Single quinta vintage port
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Service Serve Port at cool room temperature 64°(although white and tawny may be served cool) Good companions for Port – walnuts & strong cheeses e.g. Stilton, Gorgonzola, Roquefort, mature Cheddar & aged Gouda
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Port Producers Taylor-Fladgate Fonesca Graham Quinta do Noval Nacinal Dow Smith-Woodhouse Cockburn
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Spain .
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Spanish Wine—Historical  Spanish Wine—Historical  Perspective Perspective 1492 Spain became a united Christian country under one crown Christopher Columbus opened up a new world for Spanish  and Portuguese trade, including wines Spanish Inquisition Foreign traders attracted by Spanish Sherry. Period of peaceful commercial enterprise didn’t last. War with England England imposed heavy taxes
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Spanish Wine—Historical Spanish Wine—Historical Perspective (cont.) Perspective (cont.) During the early 19th century, vineyard acreage in Spain increased fourfold.
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