TheIsraelites are the people who inhabited the land of Canaan (roughly, modern Israel plus the Palestinian territories) beginning in the early Iron Age (13th century BCE). They are not to be confused with modern “Israelis.” The modern descendants of the Israelites are the Jews (from the Israelite tribe of Judah).Noahis the man who survived the Great Flood and preserved all animal life in his ark. After the Flood, God promised never to do it again. Noachicmeans pertaining to Noah.Abraham is the (legendary?) ancestor of the Israelite tribes, and also of the Edomites and Arabs who lived to the south and east of the Israelites.Abrahamic means pertaining to Abraham.Mount Sinai is the mountain, possibly in the Sinai Peninsula, possibly in Arabia, where God is said to have entered into a covenant with the Israelites and given them the Ten Commandments (Decalogue) and other laws.Moses is the (legendary?) leader who freed the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, gave them their laws, and led them to the border of the Land of Canaan.