The Spirit of Independence.pptx - THE SPIRIT OF...

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THE SPIRIT OF INDEPENDENCE Chapter 4,5 & 6 1607-1783
JOURNAL Should common people have the right to protest and possibly rebel against their government? At least 3 sentences This is #8
VOCABULA RY Subsistence farming: producing just enough to meet immediate needs Cash crop: a crop that can be sold easily in markets Diversity: variety, such as of ethnic or national groups Triangular trade: trade route between three destinations, such as Britain, West African, and the West Indies Slave code: rules focusing on the behavior and punishment of enslaved people
BEFORE THE REVOLU TION 1607-1770
LIFE IN THE COLONIES SECT. 1 In New England because of the long winters, thin and rocky soil made large scale farming difficult, so the farmers practiced subsistence farming Everyone in the family had work be it spinning yarn, milking cows, fencing fields, sowing and harvesting crops and the women made cloth garments, candles and soap for their families New England had small businesses in almost every town such as saw or grain mill while the large towns attracted skilled workers like blacksmiths, shoemakers, furniture makers and gunsmiths Shipbuilding and fishing were the most important industries in New England Several costal Northern Coastal cities would serve as centers of trade and link the Northern and Southern Colonies
THE MIDDLE COLONIES Most people in the middle colonies were farmers as the region had more fertile soil and had a milder climate than New England Farmers were able plow and plant larger areas of land thus producing bigger harvests than New England In New York and Pennsylvania, farmers grew large quantities of wheat and many other cash crops so they could be sold in markets in the colonies and overseas New York City and Philadelphia became two of the largest cities in the American colonies by 1760 and the most important and busiest ports The middle colonies attracted Scotch-Irish, German, Dutch, and Swedish settlers, this gave the middle the kind of cultural diversity that New England does not have
SOUTHERN COLONIES The southern colonies relied heavily on farming for their economy, the farmers such cash crops like tobacco or rice London merchants rather than local merchants were the people who managed Southern Trade Most large plantations were in the tidewater region , a flat, low-lying region along the seacoast Planters would build their plantations along rivers so they could easily move and transport their harvested crops to the markets Because of the wealth of the plantation owners they had more influence on the economic and political life in the region
TOBACCO AND RICE Tobacco was the main cash crop for the Maryland and Virginia colonies Growing, harvesting and preparing tobacco for sale required a lot of labor, initially the planters used indentured servants, but they became expensive, so the planters began to use African slaves instead Most of the tobacco was being sold to Europe Because of the geography in South Carolina and Georgia rice

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