NASC 130 Essentials3_ch12

Pipelines essentials of geology 3rd edition by

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Unformatted text preview: deposits of residual petroleum in sand Tar Heavy oil, or bitumen, is residue of a former oil field Heavy Lighter hydrocarbons are removed by bacterial digestion Lighter The remaining hydrocarbon is too viscous to be pumped The Tar sands must be mined and processed Extensive deposits in Extensive Alberta and in Venezuela Alberta Essentials of Geology, 3rd edition, by Stephen Marshak Chapter 12: Riches in Rock: Energy & Mineral Resources Tar sands can be mined and processed Tar sands: sand deposits with Tar 1–20% bitumen, a thick form of 20% petroleum rich in carbon, poor in hydrogen in Degraded and chemically Degraded altered crude oil deposits altered Removed by strip mining Specialized refineries upgrade Specialized it into synthetic crude oil it Primarily found in Venezuela Primarily and Alberta, Canada Alberta, Keystone XL tar sands Keystone pipeline vs. 350.org pipeline Essentials of Geology, 3rd edition, by Stephen Marshak Chapter 12: Riches in Rock: Energy & Mineral Resources Alternative Hydrocarbons Oil shale –...
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