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Review Questions Please answer the following questions in preparation for Lesson 9's Lesson Test. Short-essay Questions 1. Why was the wooden frame of the early piano unsatisfactory? wooden-frame construction of the instruments not being able to withstand the tension of heavier strings. 2. Why was the piano such a coveted piece of equipment in middle-class homes in the nineteenth century? As pianos became more affordable, every aspiring middle-class home in the 19th century had to have a piano, both for family enjoyment and as a status symbol. Parents made sure that their children, especially girls, received lessons and publishers churned out hundreds of works in sheet music for pianists of all skill levels. 3. What is a "character" piece? With its ability to project melodious and dramatic moods in a compact form, the character piece was the instrumental equivalent to the song . 4. Why was Chopin known as the "poet of the piano?" Chopin was a rarity among Romantic composers in that he wrote only for the piano; he did not write symphonies, string quartets, or operas. His compositions for the piano are so expressive and beautiful that he is frequently called the "poet of the piano." 5. How did Chopin make a living when he moved to Paris? Chopin made his living as a highly fashionable piano teacher and by selling his music to publishers. 6. Who was George Sand and what was her relationship to Chopin? The major event of his personal life was his ten-year romance with Madame Aurore Dudevant, an early feminist and a famous novelist writing under the pen name of George Sand.

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