What is Intelligence.docx - 1 What is Intelligence Collin...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 8 pages.

1 What is Intelligence? Collin Jones GCU-0402-0500 DR. Osborne 02/13/2021
2 What is Intelligence? Intelligence is defined by the Merriam-Webster dictionary as “the ability to apply knowledge to manipulate one's environment or to think abstractly as measured by objective criteria” [CITATION MerIn \l 1033 ]. The classical psychologist definition of intelligence is “The Cattell-Horn theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence suggests that intelligence is composed of different abilities that interact and work together to produce overall individual intelligence.”[CITATION Che19 \p 3 \l 1033 ]. Researchers from the University of Michigan postulated that individuals “have different mindsets about intelligence”[CITATION Sun201 \p 1 \l 1033 ] and conducted multiple experimental studies to understand these differences. This peer-reviewed journal article review will discuss the purpose, major findings and conclusions, implications for use, experimental methods used including their participants, and the strengths and limitations of the article titled Perceptions of the Malleability of Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence. Purpose “Crystallized intelligence consists of an individual’s knowledge and skills and their ability to apply them in different domains” [CITATION Cat63 \p 2 \l 1033 ]. Fluid Intelligence refers to the ability to reason and solve novel reasoning problems using inductive and deductive logic[ CITATION Che19 \l 1033 ]. The purpose of this study aims to examine how defining intelligence differently is associated with the general understanding of intelligence and to explore the consequences that different definitions of intelligence causes on the relationship between mindset and academic achievement [ CITATION Sun201 \l 1033 ]. This journal article utilizes the results of three concurrent experiments conducted at the University of Michigan to conclude the results of people’s intuitive beliefs about the malleability (study 1) and inheritance (study 2)
3 of intelligence. Then the researchers conducted a subsequent, preregistered, study concerning the effect of providing these two definitions of intelligence in mindset measures for people’s reasoning about academic achievement [ CITATION Sun201 \l 1033 ]. Methods and Participants In the first study (study 1) the researchers examined how asking people to consider different definitions of intelligence is related to their beliefs on mindset [ CITATION Sun201 \l 1033 ]. They recruited 182 participants (N=182) with a mean age of 33 years old (SD=9.18) from Amazon Mechanical Turk (MTurk) where 67% of the sample were men and the remaining 33% of participants were females and 1% of the sample population who refused to report their gender. Using a questionnaire through the MTurk recruitment website participants were

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture