Phonology Handout I

Phonology Handout I - LINU150/ENGU150: Introduction to...

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February 29, 2008 Phonology 1 I. Phonemes and Allophones “Same sound,” more than one pronunciation: the k sound in each of the following (1) a. cop b. keep Consider now the p sounds in each of the following. (2) a. poke b. spoke Aspirated [p h ] vs. unaspirated [p] occur in different places in a word. (3) a. pill [p h I l] b. poker [p h ok ´ r] c. plate [p h let] d. sprint [spr I nt] e. spine [spajn] When different sounds do not occur in the same position in words but only in different positions, we say that they occur in complementary distribution . [p] and [p h ] are not distinctive sounds in English words. Instead, they constitute a single unit of the English sound system and, as such, are called allophones of a single phoneme , /p/. Notation: [ ] for the way sounds are actually pronounced / / for the phoneme < > for written letters Third allophone of /p/: (4) a. Where is the mop? b.
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Phonology Handout I - LINU150/ENGU150: Introduction to...

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