Semantics I Handout

Semantics I Handout - LINU150/ENGU150: Introduction to...

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LINU150/ENGU150: Introduction to Linguistics February 1, 2008 1 Semantics I: Compositional Semantics (or, Phrasal or Sentential Semantics) 1 Truth-conditions (1) Molybdenum conducts electricity. (2) Al Gore is asleep. (3) A unicorn named Charlie bought one dozen red roses. Entailment (4) a. The park wardens killed the bear b. The bear is dead (5) a. Prince is a dog. b. Prince is an animal. The (a) sentences entail the (b) ones, but not vice versa. Contradiction (6) a. Charles is a bachelor. b. Charles is married. (7) The Principle of Compositionality The meaning of a sentence is determined by the meaning of its component parts and the manner in which they are arranged in syntactic structure. Word order matters for meaning (8) The dog bit the man. (9) The man bit the dog. Semantic rules Meaning of an NP: Kim refers to (or means) the individual Kim. Robin refers to the individual Robin. Lee refers to the individual Lee Sandy refers to the individual Sandy. Michael
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course LIN 150 taught by Professor Hulsey during the Spring '08 term at Northeastern.

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Semantics I Handout - LINU150/ENGU150: Introduction to...

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