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Latin America - Latin America From Colonies to Nation...

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Unformatted text preview: Latin America From Colonies to Nation States, 1800-1920 Background Spain and Portugal 18th Century Reforms Administration and Economy Intendents Peninsulares Creoles Social Tensions Idea of Liberation Liberation Movements Creoles Enlightenment, American and French Revolutions The Napoleonic War Juntas Jose de San Martin Rio de la Plata Simon Bolivar Venezuela and Gran Colombia Miguel Hidalgo New Spain The Monroe Doctrine, 1823 Jos de San Martn's proclamation of the independence of Peru on July 28, 1821 in Lima, Peru Simon Bolivar Miguel Hidalgo (1753-1811) Consequences of Independence, 1820-1860 Political instability Caudillos Social Segregation Slavery Economic stagnation Economic dependence Dependence on foreign imports Lack of Investment Economic Revival, 1870-1920 Second Industrial Revolution in Europe and North America New Industries Demand for Latin American Goods Rubber, cupper, coffee Expansion of Trade Foreign Investment Industrialization and Urbanization Politics and Society, 1870-1920 Political Reforms Economic Liberalism Reforma Benito Juarez Abolition of Slavery Cuba, 1886 Brazil, 1888 Fall of the Brazilian Empire, 1889; Republic created Social Discontent Civil Wars Revolutionary Uprising in Mexico, 1911 (the Mexican Revolution) Porfirio Diaz Fransisco Madero The War of the Pacific, 1879-83 Chile vs. Brazil and Peru Economic Dependence Foreign Interventions Benito Juarez Porfirio Diaz Francisco Madero ...
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