Lecture 4 Constitutional democracy

Lecture 4 Constitutional democracy - Lecture 4...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lecture 4 Constitutional Democracy I. Defining democracy 1. by c ompetition and elections Where governments are determined by meaningful elections and where limitations on government power are in force, the government is said to be a constitutional democracy . Two components of democracy (see Mandelbaum): Liberty and Popular Sovereignty Joseph Schumpter and Samuel Huntington: Electoral competition the essence of democracy Pseudodemocracy : has elections, recognizes the legal status of opposition parties, but the ruling party always wins Examples? Russia – Zimbabwe Question: Should democracy be equated with fairly conducted and honestly counted regular elections? Not entirely…needs something else/ you need liberty or popular sovereignty A. The fallacy of “electoralism” : “elections occur intermittently and only allow citizens to choose between highly aggregated alternatives offered by political parties…” Examples: B. Electoral democracy vs. liberal democracy ( polyarchy ) - Electoral democracy: having meaningful elections, acknowledge the need for minimal levels of civil freedom, but do not devote much attention to the basic freedoms involved (“ popular sovereignty”) Examples: Columbia, many African countries: Nigeria/ Cambodia - Polyarchy or liberal democracy: extensive political competition and participation + substantial levels of freedom of speech, press, and the like + pluralism (“liberty”) UK, U.S., -- can’t introduce overnight, must grow from withing; Democracy is a developmental process over generations, not months 2. By state-society relationship: civil society Interest associations are primary expression of civil society (supplemented by sporadic interventions of social movements): businesses, trade unions, professional associations,
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course DIPL 1101 taught by Professor Huang during the Fall '07 term at Seton Hall.

Page1 / 4

Lecture 4 Constitutional democracy - Lecture 4...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online