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Unformatted text preview: language is insincerity. When there is a gap between one’s real and one’s declared aims, one turns as it were instinctively to long words and exhausted idioms, like a cuttlefish squirting out ink.
GEORGE ORWELL (1903–1950) BRITISH ESSAYIST AND NOVELIST This lesson focuses on euphemisms, words that we use to avoid using other words. AS YOU LEARNED in Lesson 21, a euphemism is a substitution of a mild,
indirect, or vague expression for one that might be thought offensive, harsh, or too blunt. This might suggest that speakers and writers use euphemisms merely to display good manners, but euphemisms are used for other reasons, not all of which are honest attempts to be more polite or avoid offending anyone. Euphemisms are often used • to avoid speaking directly about something one fears, • to avoid speaking the truth; using double talk to hide one’s real meaning, • to avoid naming a person or thing, using a synonym in order to appear innocent of slander, 192 build word power in special ways • to avoid naming something considered taboo (unacceptable, forbidden in pol...
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This document was uploaded on 11/30/2013.
- Fall '13