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Lecture 10 East Europe

Lecture 10 East Europe - Lecture 10 Eastern Europe Will the...

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Lecture 10 Eastern Europe --- Will the political deadlock in Belgium lead to the kingdoms split? Map I. Is there an “East European” identity? 1. Difference between West Europeans and “East Europeans”: -- E. Europe: largely landlocked and isolated -- E. Europeans: do not think of themselves as East Europeans and prefer to think of themselves as Poles, Czechs, Hungarians… [ old patterns of nationalism and parochialism] 2. Ethnic complexity 1) most East Europeans are of Slavic origin -- eastern Slavs (Russians, Ukrainians, White Russians, and Ruthenians [the historical territory of Rus, in the broadest sense, is formed with part(s) of the lands of Ukraine , Belarus , Russia , a small part of northeastern Slovakia and a narrow strip of eastern Poland .] ) -- western Slavs (Poles, Czechs, Slovaks), and -- southern Slavs (Serbs, Croats, Slovenes, Montenegrins, and Bulgars) Western Slavs vs. Southern and Eastern Slavs Western Slavs (Poles, Czechs, Slovaks) Southern and eastern Slavs (Russians, Ukrainians, Croats, Serbs, Bulgars) Religion Christianized from Rome (Catholic) Christianized from Constantinople (Eastern Orthodox) Language write with the Latin alphabet write with Cyrillic History took part in the European historical experience had little contact with Europe and were subject to Mongol and Turkish rule 2) other ethnic groups in E. Europe - Hungarians (Magyars): Catholic; a distinct language different from their neighboring tongues - Romanians: a Romance language; but Christianized from Constantinople (Eastern Orthodox); returned to the Latin alphabet in the 19th century - Albanians: distinct language; divided between the largely nonpracticing Muslim majority and Catholic/Orthodox Christian minorities - dispersed peoples: Jews, gypsies (Romanies), and Germans scattered throughout the region 1
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3) a diverse group with very different historical and cultural traditions and different levels of economic development. Examples: 4) deep-rooted ethnic conflicts/tensions: Poles vs. Russians; Russians vs. Ukrainians; Czechs vs. Slovaks; Hungarians vs. Romanians Hungarians vs. Serbs; Serbs vs. Croats; Serbs vs. Bosnian Muslims Serbs vs. Albanians Why the conflicts? -- the territorial borders do not match the ethnic divisions Examples : - Transylvania part of Romania but with a Hungarian minority - Hungarian minorities in Serbia and Slovakia - ethnic Albanians as a majority in the south of Serbia (Kosovo) 3. But share many historical experiences
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Lecture 10 East Europe - Lecture 10 Eastern Europe Will the...

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