Lecture 16 India

Lecture 16 India - Lecture 16 India I. Overview 1. The...

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Lecture 16 India I. Overview 1. The world’s second most populous nation and the seventh-largest in area; 2. One of the world’s most diverse populations, with most of the major races represented (Indo-Aryan, Arabs, etc.) 3. Religious diversity: the birthplace of Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism (Hindu 80%; Muslim 14%; Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%) Religion-based violence: Hindus vs. Muslims; Sikhs vs. Muslims, Sikhs vs. Hindus 4. Linguistic diversity Two principal native languages: Hindi and Urdu The importance of English in government, education, and science. 5. The CASTE system: an important facet of Hinduism ; a major social system that groups people according to birth (prescribed by Hinduism but proscribed by Indian law) Four castes: Brahman (priests, scholars, teachers) Kshatriya (warriors, princes and kings) Vaishya (artisans, shopkeepers, farmers) Sudra (farm laborers and menial workers) The 5th group in the hierarchy: “outcasts” or “untouchables”,   6. Colonialism and India’s drive for Independence 1) Former British colony: 2) Nonviolent resistance to British colonialism under Mohandas Gandhi 1 and Jawaharlal Nehru; 3) Independence from the British in 1947; the separation of the subcontinent into the
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Lecture 16 India - Lecture 16 India I. Overview 1. The...

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