Ch 4 Courts.docx - Ch 4 Courts Jurisdiction u2022 Court...

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Ch 4 Courts & Jurisdiction Court systems in the U.s. Federal court systems Article III provides judicial power vested in Supreme Court Authorizes inferior courts State court systems Federal court systems Special Federal Courts Limited jurisdiction Tax Court Court of Federal Claims Court of International Trade Bankruptcy Court Court of Appeals for the Indian Territories Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims Customs Court Court for China Court of Appeals for Armed Forces Federal Court system U.S. District Courts Trial courts of general jurisdiction Impanel juries Receive evidence Hear testimony Decide cases At least 1 district court per state Lifetime appointments for judges Federal court systems U.S. Court of Appeals Intermediate appellate courts Hear appeals from the district courts in their circuit 13 Circuits 12 geographical, 13 th is Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit Lifetime appointments 3-judge panel Federal court systems U.S. Court of Appeals con’t Review record of lower courts or administrative agency proceedings Determine any error of law that would warrant reversal or modification of the lower court decision No new evidence or testimony Petition for en banc review Supreme Court of the united states 9 justices
Chief justice, 8 associate justices Hears appeals from: Federal Circuit Court of Appeals Federal District Courts Special federal courts Highest state courts Supreme court of the united states Appellate court No new evidence or Review court records, briefs Decision final Costs betwixt $200,000 and $2.5 M Supreme court of the united states Petition for certiorari; writ of certiorari Decisions: Unanimous Majority Plurality Tie Concurring Dissenting State Court Systems Limited jurisdiction trial courts/Inferior trial courts Hear matters of specialized or limited nature Small claims courts, probate courts, traffic courts, family courts, juvenile courts, misdemeanor criminal, jp courts Appeal to general jurisdiction court or appellate court State Court Systems General jurisdiction trial courts/courts of records Hear cases outside jurisdiction of limited jurisdiction trial courts Keep testimony and evidence Appeal to intermediate appellate court or state supreme court State Court systems Intermediate Appellate Courts/Appellate Courts/Courts of Appeal Hear appeals from lower courts Review court record “Errors at law” No new evidence Appeal to state’s highest court State Court Systems Highest State Court/State Supreme Court Appeals from appellate courts, trial courts No new evidence
Decisions final, unless constitutional issue or execution Appeals go to US Supreme Court Standing to sue, jurisdiction, & Venue Standing to Sue Plaintiff must have stake in outcome In Personam Jurisdiction Court’s jurisdiction over person Plaintiff by filing lawsuit Defendant by service of process Special Appearance

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