Ethnopol Slides2

Ethnopol Slides2 - Ethnopolitical landscape General...

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Ethnopolitical landscape General Introduction 01/09/08 Introduction by Instructor (Jacques KOKO, MA) Students’ introduction (individually) Motivations behind the study of nationalism and ethnicity (constructive and destructive passions of nationalism and ethnicity in world politics)
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General introduction (continues) Course overview: syllabus as our contract Formation of 8 student groups (4 in 1)
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Clarification of key concepts Nation: a group of people or a “community bound together by ties of history, culture and common ancestry” (Kellas 1998, p. 3). Objective features of a nation may encompass a territory, a religion, a language, or common descent. Subjective features are the subjects’ awareness of their nationality and their affection for it.
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Clarification of key concepts (continues Nation as State: the term is also used for states to indicate the nations of the globe as in the United Nations. Nation-state: any state that shares the characteristics of a nation Multinational state: any state made of several nations Ethnic nation: a nation made of one ethnic group Social nation: a nation made of several ethnic groups Official nation indicates the patriotism (nationalism) of a state
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Clarification of key concepts (continues Nationalism: is an ideology that relies on people’s national self-awareness and generates a series of cultural, economic or political attitudes or programs of action, and behaviors to defend and promote national interests (Kellas 1998). The politics of nationalism often translates into the demand of independent statehood or self-determination. Nationalist behavior reflects a feeling of belonging to a community, which identify outsiders as foreigners or aliens. It could take the form of death for the nation.
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Concepts Clarification (cont. Ethnic group: a group of people or a community with common ancestry or inborn attributes (exclusive). Ethnocentrism: indicates “an individual’s psychological biases towards his/her ethnic group, and against other ethnic groups” (Kellas 6) Ethnicity: “state of being ethnic or belonging to an ethnic group (Kellas 6 Racism: an individual’s biases towards his/her race, and against other races. Race: a group of people with common biological and phenotypical features such as skin color, stature, and so on.
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Historico-phenomenological approaches to nationalism 01/16/08 Review of previous class: What is a nation, a State, an ethnic group, nationalism, ethnocentrism, race? Remember the State is a political body of people with a governmental power. It is “the power or authority represented by a body of people politically organized” within a territory with definite boundaries and under an independent government (Webster’s New World College Dictionary)
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Emergence of modern nation-state and evolution of nationalism in the West Divergence on the period of emergence of nationalism in world politics: product of
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Ethnopol Slides2 - Ethnopolitical landscape General...

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