How do the Writing Processes of Experienced and Apprentice Writers
Responding to the assignment:
EXPERIENCED writers carefully read, annotate, and refer back to the
APPRENTICE writers read assignments and directions only to the point of
getting the main idea, rarely referring back to the main assignment once they
have begun to work.
Preparing to Write
EXPERIENCED writers start to compose by brainstorming, free writing,
outlining, note-taking, and using other such methods.
APPRENTICE writers do little preparation and almost no prewriting until
they are ready to write a text. Then they "jump right in," often at the last
minute, or too late to do a good job.
EXPERIENCED writers study the rhetorical situation and develop a
detailed representation of their audience, their aims, and their persona.
APPRENTICE writers focus on the topic and on expressing their ideas,
giving little attention to the problems of communicating with an audience.
Beginning to Write
EXPERIENCED writers do not always begin writing a draft at the
beginning, but with the thesis, or with that part of the text which is most
developed in their minds, which is most interesting to them, or which seems to
be a key part of the text.
Often, they write the introduction last.
APPRENTICE writers usually begin "at the beginning" with the intro-
duction, and write sequentially through to the end.
EXPERIENCED writers frequently revise their language and approach.
Often, they freely alter the meaning of their original texts. The written text or
draft is seen as a hypothesis, one of many possible approaches to a subject,
and the act of writing is viewed as one means of learning about the subject.
APPRENTICE writers make perceive "revising" as merely
"proofreading," rarely changing meanings: the text is a solution, not a
hypothesis, and once stated, it is not changed fundamentally. The act of
writing is viewed as a means of expressing what one already "knows."
Writing Process Self-Analysis Form
Using the form provided below, try to place your current practice at a point along each
spectrum. Along each line place an X at the point that best represents your practice.
closely does your writing process approximate that of experienced writers?