Chapter 6 Notes - Chapter 6 Memory Memory o an internal record or representation of some prior event or experience o an active system that receives

Chapter 6 Notes - Chapter 6 Memory Memory o an internal...

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Chapter 6- MemoryMemoryoan internal record or representation of some prior event or experienceoan active system that receives information from the senses, puts that information into a usable form, and organizes it as it stores it away, and then retrieves the information from storageoencoding storage, and retrieval omemory is a constructive processoWilliam James (1842- 1910)oHerman Ebbinghaus (1850 – 1909)1st2 people to study memory -models & forgetting -mentral record of event or experience-senses pick up info from environment, this information is transferred to the brain (thalamus) and translated as a neural impulse, and sent to the proper corex, processed, stored & organized and then retrievedoex.) hearing ear thalamus brain sent to proper cortex (auditory cortex) where it is processed osensory info is encoded, stored, and then retrieved later -this info gets stored in the brain-more organized & clear better recall -sensory info (from environment)-memory is an active process, mental representation -constructive process- conscious, active, able to pull out the infoois the brain is successful in this process then it will be able to encode, store, and retrieve odon’t always remember things automatically, should be consciously involved osome steps don’t always need to be conscious -stress impedes memory, motivation helps with memory-encoded registered (not always paying attention) -stored (the active process), in the form of neurons, remember, person decides what info to store -retrieve decide , consciously pulling info out of memory, later time oex.) test taking 4 Memory ModelsoInformation- processing approachoParallel Distributed Processing ModeloTraditional Three- Stage ModeloLevels of Processing Model- Information – processing Approach
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- memory as a process- Encoding - sensory information is converted into neural language - registration of info - Storage- consolidation process leads to physiological changes in your brain - neurons communicate, stimulating brain , spot spot is constantlystimulated- Retrieval - process of accessing stored information
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