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Unformatted text preview: e largely following the same policy goals and guidelines announced
when Eisenhower was president. As a result, federal transportation policy is skewed toward maintaining and expanding the
Interstate Highway System. We’ve put relatively little emphasis on targeting our most economically strategic trade
corridors or building new transport systems to meet our 21st-century economic needs. Government transportation spending, at all
levels of government, is overwhelmingly directed toward roads. Since 1956, the largest portion of public funding for transpor- tation
infrastructure was dedicated to building and maintaining highways.1 Although a small portion (15%) of the federal gas tax is dedicated to a fund
for mass transit, the vast majority of federal gas tax revenue is spent on highways. The same is true for state gas taxes: 30 states are actually
constitutionally or statutorily required to spend 100% of their gas tax revenues on roads. The disproportionate channeling of transportation dollars
toward highways has encouraged more and more construction of roads, even as the demand rises for oth...
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