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Unformatted text preview: ility. While the US has not declared war on any
nation since 1945, it has nevertheless bombed or invaded a total of 19 countries and stationed troops, or engaged in direct or
indirect military action, in dozens of others. During the Cold War, the US military apparatus grew exponentially, ostensibly in response to
the threat posed by an archrival: the Soviet Union. But after the end of the Cold War the American military and intelligence
establishments did not shrink in scale to any appreciable degree. Rather, their implicit agenda — the protection of global
resource interests emerged as the semi-explicit justification for their continued existence. With resource hegemony
came challenges from nations or sub-national groups opposing that hegemony. But the immensity of US military
might ensured that such challenges would be overwhelmingly asymmetrical. US strategists labeled such challenges
“terrorism” — a term with a definition malleable enough to be applicable to any threat from any potential enemy, foreign or
domestic, while never referring to any violent act...
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