Other graphs show that climate was very stable within

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Unformatted text preview: 27, 2011, http://www.america2050.org/2011/07/while-buses-play-a-valuable-role-they-are-no-replacement-for-high-speed-rail.html , July 2, 2012, pg 1; FAS) (In championing buses as an alternative to intercity passenger rail, O'Toole neglects to address one of the most powerful arguments for rail: providing an alternative to highway congestion. While using a bus instead of an automobile may intuitively seem to ease congestion by reducing individual car trips and leaving more road space for other highway users, planners have known for decades that providing additional road space does not solve congestion; in fact it creates additional demand for driving. Indeed, despite public spending of $2.8 trillion on highways between 1982 and 2008, congestion only worsened during that period, with average time wasted in traffic increasing 340 percent to 34 hours per year. Intercity bus services run along highways, and are therefore subject to the same traffic jams that plague our automobiles. However, one railway with a single track in each direction has the capacity to transport as many people per hour as sixteen lanes of highway . Even if endlessly adding new lanes did work to curb congestion, our urba...
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This note was uploaded on 11/30/2013 for the course PHILOSOPHY 303m taught by Professor Tye during the Fall '12 term at University of Texas at Austin.

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