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Unformatted text preview: s, an immediate improvement will precede
introducing renewable energy into transportation.Grid-connected traction offers the only realistic option for
significantly reducing oil use in transportation over the next 10 years.If such a shift does not begin during this
decade, the risk of a global economic collapse and/or geo-political conflict over the world's remaining oil reserves
would become dangerously elevated. Making a significant dent in transportation's oil addiction within 10 years is
sooner than fuel cells, biofuels, battery-electric vehicles and other alternative energy technologies will be ready to deliver change.
Biofuels that could power aircraft now cost hundreds of dollars per gallon to produce. Batteries that a big enough
charge to power vehicles between cities are still too big and expensive to make electric cars and buses affordable.But gridconnected electric trains have been operating at scale and across continents for over a century. And when the Japanese introduced modern highspeed trains through their Shinkansen, in 1964, the util...
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