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Unformatted text preview: igher share of workers without a college degree than the rest of the
economy. On average, these workers made 9% more than similar workers in the rest of the economy in 2006-07.
Manufacturing industries are also responsible for a significant share of U.S. economic production, generating $1.6
trillion in GDP in 2006 (12.2% of total U.S. gross domestic product (GDP). U.S. manufacturing firms also lead the way on
trade, exporting $923 billion in manufactured goods—64% of all U.S. goods and services exported in 2006.
Manufacturing is one of the most dynamic sectors of the U.S. economy. It was responsible for 60% of all U.S. research and
development spending in 2003, with total research and development spending of $123 billion (total public, corporate, and other funds) in
that year alone (National Science Foundation 2006). Scientists and engineers make up 9% of the manufacturing labor force, a
share that is nearly twice as large as in the rest of the economy.1 As a result, manufacturing productivity growth rates have been
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