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Unformatted text preview: . have come and gone,
thanks in part to the powerful lobby-groups representing highways, trucks and gasoline. While heavily-subsidized, national, state-run rail services
such as France’s SNCF and Germany’s Deutsche Bahn have long been a highly efficient and popular means of transport in Europe, the U.S. is
left with no single nationwide railroad. This has been a major drawback for rail companies attempting to compete with other forms of mass
transport. The story of this change has two threads. One – how and why it has taken so long for the U.S. to embrace the concept – offers a striking
contrast to the speed and scale of the European development. The contrast is not merely academic. America took so long to make its move that
the European scene was transformed in the interim. In the process, rivals have emerged in neighboring countries for France, long the
unchallenged leader in the field. Perhaps the most surprising of these rivals – to outsiders at least – is Spain, a nation that only rece...
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